7 June RAS Mains Answer Writing

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SUBJECT – Concepts, Issues and Dynamics of Public Administration and Management

TOPIC – Administrative setup, administrative culture in Rajasthan:  Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Secretariat, Directorates and Chief Secretary | District Administration:  Organization, role of DistrictCollector and District Magistrate, Superintendent of Police, Sub-divisional and Tehsil administration

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Q1 Highlight the role of the district collector as the district magistrate.2M 


To control and supervise the subordinate magistracy.
Power to issue orders when there is a threat to public peace and order under section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code.
He releases prisoners on parole.
Inspection of the jails.
He controls and directs the actions of district police.          
To prosecute offenders under the Factories Act and Trademark Act.
To recommend schemes for the development of forests.

Q2 What are the powers of the Chief Minister in relation to the Council of Ministers?5M


164(1) provides that the other Ministers shall be appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister.

  • He allocates and reshuffles the portfolio among ministers. 
  • He can ask a minister to resign or advise the governor to dismiss him in case of difference of opinion
  • He presides over the meetings of the council of ministers and influence its decisions
  • He guides, directs, controls and coordinates the activities of all the ministers
  • The Chief Minister represents the state government and Council of Ministers at the national level and coordinates Centre-state relations.
  • In case of differences among ministers, the decision of the Chief Minister is normally treated as final.
  • He can bring about the collapse of ministers by resigning from office. SInce the CM is the head of the council of ministers, his resignation or death automatically dissolves the council of ministers .

Q3 Critically examine the role of the Tehsildar. 10M


The Tehsildar represents the state in the tehsil and maintains communication between the state, district administration, and citizens.  As the head of tehsil administration, he performs following roles:

  1. Land Revenue Officer : The Tehsildar is ultimately responsible for revenue collection. Patwaris assess and collect agricultural land revenue. If other departments fail to recover taxes or loans, the Tehsildar devises recovery programs, provides guidance in special meetings of Patwaris, and also conducts field visits.
  2. Land Records Officer : The preparation and maintenance of land records is an essential task of tehsil administration. Tehsildars are responsible for updating and securing these records, including classification and mapping based on land types.
  3. As a Sub-Treasury Officer: The Tehsildar manages the sub-treasury, where all tehsil income is deposited and expenses are made. It’s the Tehsildar’s duty to oversee this financial arrangement.
  4. As a Sub-Registrar : In the tehsil, property transactions like buying land or buildings incur stamp duty. The Tehsildar, acting as the sub-registrar officer, oversees these registrations.
  5. Revenue Disputes : Under the Rajasthan Revenue Act, 1955, and the Rajasthan Land Revenue Act, 1956, they have the authority to hear various types of property disputes. Some are initially handled by the Tehsildar, while in others, they assist the SDM. For example, Section 128 of the LRA, 1956, deals with handling boundary disputes
  6. Rationing: Tehsildars are responsible for the distribution of PDS items like sugar, and kerosene in the tehsil.
  7. Relief Work: Tehsildars provide aid during natural disasters such as floods and droughts, and manage emergencies like fires in the tehsil area.
  8. Other functions : 
    1. The Tehsildar is also the custodian of all temple and common lands. 
    2. Tehsildar has been vested with considerable powers as an Executive Magistrate under the Code of Criminal Procedure.  
    3. He has supervisory powers over a large cadre of Patwaris, Kanungo etc 
    4. Election Duties: Assisting in electoral processes, including MP and MLA elections, and serving as an Assistant Returning Officer in Panchayati Raj/Urban Body elections.
    5. Public Welfare Schemes: Overseeing government schemes like employment programs, food distribution, and family planning initiatives.
    6. Data Collection: Serving as an authoritative figure for collecting various types of data crucial for national planning, including census data, agricultural surveys, and land use information.

Thus, the Tehsildar has maximum contact with the public. However, his image is often perceived as that of a status quoist, stubborn, and corrupt officer due to:

  1. Politics affects where he works – honest officers might get moved around a lot.
  2. On top of his regular duties, he has to handle tasks usually done by the District Collector, making his workload heavier and leaving less time for his official work.
  3. Low salary compared to the workload further compounds the issue.

Q4 Write a paragraph on any one of the following in approximately 200 words.                  [RAS Mains 2018] 
The effects of present-day credit culture  


The effects of present-day credit culture

To understand the credit culture we can say that it is the bondage which keeps united the credit method and forms the crucial foundation of credit discipline. Each bank has a credit culture which may be defined by their senior manager or it might have been conceptualized overtime informally. It can be intact or divided. It must be remembered in this regard that the credit culture is the combination of the practices, policies and experiences of the banking institution. By this the lenders are given a same compass to aid them. If the credit culture of the bank is strong it strengthens the lenders to act consistently along with the banks expectations and policies. Moreover, it allows all to march forward on the similar path.Developing a productive credit culture within a bank is similar to nourishing a child. Therefore we must very well know what we need to do to raise a child or nurture a credit culture? In this context we should not forget the four important foundations like: Communication, Training, incentives and Leadership are necessary.

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