Eastern Plains of Rajasthan

Map of Physical divisions of Rajasthan

The area on the northeast, east and southeast of the Aravalli range is known as the Eastern Plains of Rajasthan. It covers an area of about 23.3% of the state.

इस लेख को हिंदी में पढ़ें – पूर्वी मैदानी प्रदेश

The Vindhyan Plateau marks the southeastern limit of the Plain. The western boundary is demarcated by the eastern edge of the Aravalli up to north of Udaipur.

Eastern Plains of Rajasthan are spread across the districts of Tonk, Bundi, Ajmer, Sawai madhopur, Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Kota, Bharatpur.

The Eastern Plains of Rajasthan are subdivided into three sub-regions:

  • Chambal Basin
  • Banas Basin
  • Mahi Basin

A. Chambal basin

  • District- Kota, Bundi, Baran, Tonk, Sawai madhopur, Dholpur
  • Area- 4500 Sq. Km
  • Average width- 10 Km

B. Banas Basin

  • District- Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Bhilwara, Tonk, Jaipur, Alwar, Sawaimadhopur
  • Average height- 280 – 500 m
  • Area- 187400 Sq. Km
  • It is an elevated peneplain plain drained by Banas & its tributaries.
  • It is divided into two sub-regions mentioned below:

B.1. Mewar Plain:

  • It is a dissected plain of Archean gneiss.
  • Mewar plain gradually slopes towards the east & north-east, with an average elevation of 280-500 m.
  • The Banas & its tributaries Berach, Menal, Bandi, Mansi, Kothari, Khari flow through this plain.

B.2. Malpura-Karauli Plain:

  • It is flat upland, which Heron recognized as a ―Tertiary Peneplane.
  • It is composed of schist & guess with average elevation of 250-350 m
  • Alluvial deposits are thick in larger parts of Kishangarh and Malpura.

C. Mahi or Chappan Basin

  • District: Dungarpur
  • Area: 7056 Sq. Kms.
  • The regions lies to east of the Mewar hills & south of the Banas plain.
  • The weastern part of Mahi Basin is hilly but central & eastern parts are fertile plains with extensive cultivation. These plains are also known as Chhappan plains.
  • Average elevation of the region is bewteen 200-400 m
  • This dissected plain along with hill tracts of Banswara are Dungarpur are locally known as Bagar.
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