Important International Summits

Important International Summits

Summits Comment
BRICS Summit
  • Countries (5)- Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa
  • 9th BRICS Summit 2017 – Xiamen, China
East Asia Summit (EAS)
  • The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum held annually in Starting 16 countries in the East Asian, Southeast Asian and South Asian regions.
  • Membership expanded to 18 countries including the United States and Russia at the Sixth EAS in 2011.
  • EAS meetings are held after annual ASEAN leaders’ meetings.
  • The first summit was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 14 December 2005.
  • 12th East Asia Summit 2017 – Pasay, Laos
APEC Summits (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation)
  • Total Countries– 21
  • HQ– Singapore
  • 29th APEC Summit 2017 – Vietnam, Hanoi
  • 30th APEC Summit 2018 – Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
SAARC Summit (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation)
  • HQ– Nepal
  • Secretary General– Arjun Bahadur Thapa
  • Indian Representative at SAARC– Lakshmi Savithri
  • Countries (8)– Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
  • 19th SAARC Summit 2016 – Islamabad, Pakistan
  • 20th SAARC Summit 2018- Islamabad Pakistan
ASEAN Summits (Association of South East Asian Nation)
  • HQ- Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Total Countries– 10
  • Secretary General– Le Luong Minh (Vietnam)
  • 30th ASEAN Summit 2017 – Pasay, Philippines
  • 31th ASEAN Summit 2017 Pasay, Philippines
  • 32 & 33 – 2018 – Singapore
IBSA Summits (2003)
  • IBSA Dialogue Forum – India, Brazil, South Africa.
  • 7th IBSA Summit 2015 – New Delhi, India
BIMSTEC Summits (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multisectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation)
  • The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is an international organisation involving a group of countries in South Asia and South East Asia.
  • These are: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal.
  • 4th BIMSTEC Summit 2015 – Nepal
G-7 Annual Summits (Earlier it was G8, Now Russia suspended Temporarily)
  • Group of Seven Countries – France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, United States of America, Canada.
  • 42nd G8 Summit 2016 – Shima, Japan
  • 43rd G8 Summit 2017 – Italy
  • 44th G7 Summit 2018 – Canada
G-20 Summit

The Group of Twenty Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors is a group of finance ministers and central bank governors from 20 major economies: 19 countries plus the European Union, which is represented by the President of the European Council and by the European Central Bank.

Chairperson- Mauricio Macri, Total Countries- 20 Countries= BRICS + G7 + Argentina, Australia, Indonesia, Mexico, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Turkey

  • 11th G 20 Meeting 2016 – Hangzhou, China
  • 12th G 20 Meeting 2017 – Germany
  • 13th G 20 Meeting 2018 – Buenos Aires (Argentina)
OPEC International Seminar
  •  OPEC – Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
  • 7th International OPEC – Veinna , Austria
  • NATO – North Atlantic treaty Organization
  • HQ- Brussels ,Belgium
  • Members -28
  • Secretary General – Jens Stoltenberg
  • NATO Summit 2018 – Brussels, Belgium
Earth Hour 
  • Organized by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
  • Earth Hour 2018 was on March 24, from 8:30 pm to 9:30 pm
NAM Summit 2016
  •  NAM Summit Full Form – Non Allied Moment
  • It has 120+2 (Two nations namely Azerbaijan Republic and Fiji) members.
  • 17th NAM summit 2016 was held in Caracas, Venezuela .
  • This Time Vice president Of India Hamid Ansari represented India In NAM 2016
  • NAM 2019 Summit will be held in Azerbaijan
CHOGM Summit
  • CHOGM Full Form – CommonWealth Heads of Government Meeting
  • Held After Gap of Every Two years
  • CHOGM 2018: London (Initially Vanuatu, shifted because of Cyclon Pam
  • In 2020 CHOGM Meeting will be held In – Rwanda

Regional Connectivity in South-East Asia:


  1. IMT Trilateral Highway
  • India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway
  • B/w Moreh (India) to Mae Sot (Thailand)
  • Possible extensions to Laos and Vietnam


  1. Mekong Ganga Economic Corridor
  • Chennai (India) – Dawei (Myanmar) – Bangkok (Thailand). (sea/land corridor)
  • Involves India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam


  1. Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport FacilityKaladan
  • Haldia/Kolkata Port=> Sittwe Port (Myanmar) => Kaladan River=> Road transport to Mizoram.


  1. BCIM corridor
  • Connect Kunming (SW China)– Mandalay (Myanmar) –Dhaka|Chittagong (Bangladesh) – Kolkata (India)


Andaman Nicobar islands.
  • Development to Trans-shipment hub.
ASEAN Master Plan for Connectivity
  • To help the “ASEAN community” [Similar to European Union. will be setup in 2015.]

New Maritime Silk Road
The Maritime Silk Road refers to revival of the route from ports in south China, to the Southeast Asia, India, Arabia.

  1. Connect 12 inland Chinese regions with 14 neighbouring countries. (revive ancient silk road)
  2. Get new export markets
  3. Secure lanes to import raw material.
  4. Counter the influence of USA (TPP) and Russia


  1. Develop port cities along the silk route
    1. above the wind region: Indian Ocean
    2. Below the wind region: Malacca, South China Sea, Java Sea and Far East.
  2. Via these port cities, link Asia and Africa with Chinese hinterland.

This will be implemented via 2 (Concensus) +7 (Proposals) cooperation framework

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