23 April 2024 RAS Mains Answer Writing

Ras mains answer writing practice

Click here to download the schedule – English Medium | Hindi Medium

Subject – Sociology

Topic – Challenges before Indian Society: Issues of Dowry, Divorce, Child Marriage, Corruption, Communalism, Poverty, Unemployment, Drug Addiction, Vulnerable sections especially Dalits, the Elderly and the Disabled. tribal community of Rajasthan: Bhil, Mina (Meena) and Garasia – Problems and Welfare

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Click on the question to see the model answer. Submit your answers below and complete the 90-day challenge for RAS Mains answer writing

Q1 What are the legal measures taken against dowry in India?(2M)


NFHS-5 data shows a 10% decline in the child marriage rate in the last five years in Rajasthan (% of women between 20-24 years married before 18)

Q2 How has Communalism impacted the fabric of Indian society? (5M)


  • Social Division: creation of divisions along religious lines, fostering mistrust and animosity.For example, during the partition of India. 
  • Violence and Riots: Communal tensions often escalate into violence and riots, causing loss of life and property. Instances like the Gujarat riots in 2002.
  • Interfaith Relations: Strains interfaith relations, making it challenging for communities to coexist harmoniously and collaborate for common goals. Ex- Instances of interfaith marriages facing societal backlash and religious conversions being politicized.
  • Educational System: Influence leads to biased narratives and fostering prejudices among students. 
  • Partisan perspectives in Textbooks and curricula reinforce communal stereotypes and misconceptions.
  • Cultural Fragmentation: Fragment the cultural fabric of society, eroding the pluralistic ethos that has been a hallmark of Indian society. Attacks on religious and heritage sites.
  • Economic Disparities: minority communities may face discrimination in employment, business opportunities, and access to resources.
  • Polarization: Communalism polarizes society, creating ‘us vs. them’ mentalities and deepening religious identities. Political parties exploit these divisions for electoral gains, further polarizing communities. The Babri Masjid riots

Addressing these impacts requires concerted efforts from various stakeholders, including government bodies, civil society organizations, religious leaders, and the media, to promote secularism, tolerance, and inclusive development.

Q3 How do the customs of tribal communities contribute to keeping them socially and economically backward, and what measures can be taken to address these challenges?(5M)


Q.4 नगर विकास न्यास, भरतपुर के अधिशासी अभियंता की ओर से सेवर के पास नाले पर पुलिया बनवाने के लिए निविदा सूचना का प्रारूप प्रस्तुत कीजिए। [RAS Mains 2021]

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