15 April 2024 RAS Mains Answer Writing

Click here to download the schedule – English Medium | Hindi Medium

Subject – Administrative Ethics

Topic -Ethics and Human Values: Lessons from lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators, Role of family, society, and educational institutions in inculcating values

For Hindi medium – Click here

Indian History PYQs – Click Here

Click on the question to see the model answer. Submit your answers below and complete the 90-day challenge for RAS Mains answer writing

Q1. Explain the role of religion in inculcating human values.(2M)

Role of religion

  1. Hinduism – Inculcates values like Dharma (Righteousness), Moksha, and spirituality
  2. Islam – Inculcates values like Peace, Faith, Prayer, Fasting, Charity, and mercy (Rahma)
  3. Sikhism – Inculcates values like service (Sewa), sacrifice, valor, justice, etc
  4. Christianity – Inculcates values like compassion, love, empathy, humility, service, etc
  5. Zoroastrianism – Happiness, trust, Dualism (Good and evil both), etc

Q2. Values are deeply ingrained in human lives and hence very wide in nature and scope. Explain(5M)

Values are guiding Principles, Ideologies and beliefs which one holds dear and aspire to achieve. Ex – Justice,
Courage, Temperance
Very wide scope because values are required at every stage of human life –

1. Childhood –

a. Family values like – Caring, sharing, Love, compassion, and empathy

b. School/educational values like – Discipline, critical thinking, and Rationality

2. Society – Social values like brotherhood, justice, tolerance, Harmony, Fairness, Respect, etc

3. Organization – Professional values like Excellence, Efficiency, Discipline, Innovation, etc

4. Nation – Democratic values like legality, respecting the rule of law, Equality, etc

5. Universal values – like Happiness, Intelligence, contentment, peace, nonviolence, etc

Very wide in nature as sources of values are different like –

  1. Internal sources – Spirituality, Self Esteem, mindfulness
  2. External sources – Laws, Social norms, Rules and regulations, code of conduct, community guidelines,
  3. As a means (Instrumental values) like Money, nutrition, etc
  4. As an end like Love, health, Freedom, etc

Q3. If a country is to be corruption-free and become a nation of beautiful minds, I strongly feel there are
three key societal members who can make a difference – the father, the mother and the teacher.” –
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. In the context of this statement, Discuss the role of the family and educational
institutions in the moral development of man.(10M)

Late A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, the 14th president of indian republic was known as people’s president. His

moral personality had a great impact on his parents and teachers.

Role of family in moral development of man –

Role of Values
GrandparentsFirst Philosopher of a childValues – Spirituality, Morality, Yoga and meditation, Environmental ethics
FatherFirst Guide of a child Values – Dutyfullness, Sacrifice, Discipline, Courage, Hardwork, Sense of securityUniversity of maryland study – Girls with loving father = More confident
MotherFirst teacher of a child Values – Affection, Love, Sacrifice, Patience, SelflessnessGandhiji learned the technique of Satyagrha from her mother Putlibaai  All that I am or ever hope to be, I owe to my angel mother — Abraham LincolnNancy matthews elliott – Mother of Thomas EdisonSubhadra – mother of Abhimanyu Jijabaai – Mother of Shivaji 
SiblingsSharing and caring (Toys, Space, Eatables), Cooperation, Fraternity, team work, Foregiveness (Fight and forgive)Ex – 5 Pandvas, Ram-Laxman, Zorawar Singh and Fateh singh, Phogat Sisters, Irfan and Yusuf Pathan
SpouseSupportive – Better efficiency at workEx – Sudha Murthy wife of Narayan murthy landed 10k to start infosys

Role of Educational institution in moral development of man –

Role of Values
TeachersDiscipline, Rational thinking,Shaping ideology – Gokhale shaped the political  ideology of GandhijiAristotle taught morality to Alexander. Alexander never forced his culture/religion on people he defeated Chankya made Chandragupta a great ruler 
CurriculumCivics – Leadership, Justice, Fraternity, Diversity, Humanity.History – Patriotism, Sacrifice, Temperance etc Science – Critical thinking, Rationality, Innovation etc Economics – Entrepreneurship, Free and fair trade, Trust, Efficiency 
Extracurricular activitiesSports – Teambuilding, Leadership, Team-spirit, Cooperative behaviourEx – After a world cup 2022 match in Qatar, Japanese fans cleaned stadium   College-festival – Responsibility assumption, ManagementDebates – Rational thinking, Persuasion, Negotiation  Morning Prayers – Spiritual and moral development, DisciplineWall painitings – Honesty is the best policy Mid day meal – Equality, Nutrition School uniform – Discipline, Cleanliness 

Conclusion – NEP 2020 (New educational policy) encourages parental involvement and promote communication between schools and families to inculcate ethical reasoning and traditional Indian value system in a child.

Q4. अपने क्षेत्र के पोस्टमास्टर साहब को इस आशय का पत्र लिखिए कि आपके क्षेत्र में डाक का वितरण ठीक से नहीं हो रहा है ।

क ख ग

 च छ ज गार्डन


14 अक्टूबर 2023

सेवा में,

पोस्टमास्टर महोदय

डाकघर, च छ ज गार्डन


विषय: डाक वितरण की अनियमितताओं के संबंध में।

संदर्भ:  12 अक्टूबर 2023 को आयोजित च छ ज गार्डन कल्याण समिति की बैठक में मिली लिखित शिकायतें।


      मैं च छ ज गार्डन बी-27 का रहने वाला हूँ। मैं इस पत्र के द्वारा अपने क्षेत्र की डाक वितरण की अनियमितताओं की ओर आपका ध्यान दिलाना चाहता हूँ।

मान्यवर, पिछले चार माह से इस क्षेत्र में डाक-वितरण का काम ठीक से नहीं हो रहा है। पोस्टमैन पत्रों को या तो घरों के जीने में फेंक जाता है या जीने के सामने खड़े किसी बच्चे के हाथ में पकड़ा जाता है। अनेक बार महत्त्वपूर्ण पत्र या तो दूसरे के घरों में पहुँच जाते हैं या देर से मिलते हैं। डाक-वितरण की व्यवस्था दिन में तीन बार है, जबकि हमारे पोस्टमैन महोदय एक से अधिक बार नहीं आते। हमारे क्षेत्र के निवासियों की आम शिकायत है कि ये पोस्टमैन साहब त्यौहारों के अवसर पर बखशीश देने को बाध्य करते हैं तथा न देने वालों की डाक में गड़बड़ी कर देते हैं। कई बार हमने पोस्टमैन को समझाने की चेष्टा की, मगर उसके कान पर तक न रेंगी। इसीलिए हारकर हमें आपका दरवाजा खटखटाना पड़ा। अतः आपसे प्रार्थना है कि आप इस विषय में जाँच-पड़ताल कर डाक वितरण ठीक करने की कृपा करें तथा संबंधित पोस्टमैन को उचित चेतावनी देकर यथासंभव उन्हें दंडित करें। इसके लिए हम आपके सदैव आभारी रहेंगे।


संलग्न : बैठक में मिली लिखित शिकायतों की छायाप्रतियां।                                                                                                            भवदीय

क ख ग


च छ ज गार्डन कल्याण समिति,


प्रतिलिपि : सूचनार्थ व आवश्यक कार्यवाही हेतु –

  1. हैड पोस्टमास्टर, प्रधान डाकघर, जयपुर।
  2. रक्षित पत्रावली


क ख ग

error: Content is protected !!